There are several stages that a family must go through to adapt to a child’s disability. They are the shock phase, the emotional crisis phase, the apparent adaptation phase, and the constructive adaptation phase (te fazy do poszukania bo szukam ale nie znajduję angielskich odpowiedników). At each of the stages, outside help and psychotherapeutic support are recommended. They will allow the families to gently move to the last phase without major psychological difficulties/ trauma. In Poland, there are no systemic solutions supporting parents in this difficult situation. It is important for the wellbeing of a child and the whole family that parents reach the final stage in adapting to the child’s disability. This period, called “overcoming the crisis”, is characterized by achieving mental and life skills to deal with the problem. Actual adaptation to the child’s disability depends on the resources at the family’s disposal and on social support.
At our Foundation, we want to support entire families, not only the affected child. We assume that the whole family is affected by disability (disabled) and we are going to address this problem. A systemic approach, cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy is the approach that we want to use in working with families.